Factors affecting BTC miner profitability


The continuing cryptocurrency bear market has triggered an enormous decline in Bitcoin (BTC) mining profitability as BTC mining bills outpace the worth of Bitcoin.

Intently tied to the drop within the BTC value, Bitcoin mining profitability has been tanking since late 2021 and reached its lowest multi-month ranges in early July 2022.

In line with knowledge from crypto monitoring web site Bitinfocharts, BTC mining profitability tumbled to as little as $0.07 per day per 1 terahash per second (THash/s) on July 1, 2022, touching the bottom degree since October 2020.

The decline in BTC mining profitability has triggered some massive modifications within the crypto mining trade.

Decrease Bitcoin costs fueled promoting strain as miners had been pushed to promote their BTC to proceed mining and pay for electrical energy. Nearly all of massive crypto mining companies like Core Scientific needed to promote a major quantity of Bitcoin to be able to survive the robust market circumstances.

The rising unprofitability of BTC mining has additionally triggered a giant drop in demand for crypto mining gadgets, inflicting many miners to promote their mining {hardware} at a reduction.

As decrease costs of application-specific built-in circuit (ASIC) miners and graphics processing items (GPU) could drive extra curiosity from new miners, it’s essential to do not forget that the worth of mining {hardware} is only one out of many elements behind BTC mining profitability.

What’s Bitcoin mining profitability and the way is it outlined?

Bitcoin mining is an financial exercise that includes the manufacturing of the digital forex Bitcoin utilizing the computing energy of GPU-based miners or specifically-designed ASIC miners.

Bitcoin mining profitability is a measure defining the diploma to which a Bitcoin miner yields revenue based mostly on a large variety of elements, together with the worth of Bitcoin, the mining problem, the price of power, the kind of mining {hardware} and others.

Issue 1: Bitcoin value and block rewards

The worth of Bitcoin is without doubt one of the most evident elements impacting the BTC mining profitability as the worth of BTC is straight proportional to income yielded by miners.

Bear markets set off much more consideration to BTC value from miners as a result of they danger dropping cash if BTC drops under a sure value degree.

Miners also needs to have in mind the quantity of the block reward or the quantity of BTC given to miners for mining one block on the BTC blockchain. Bitcoin’s unique block reward amounted to as a lot as 50 BTC earlier than it was minimize to the present 6.5 BTC following three historic block reward halvings.

Bitcoin halvings are a significant a part of the BTC protocol, aiming to lower the amount of the brand new cash getting into the community by slicing the block reward in half each 210,000 blocks or roughly each 4 years.

Issue 2: Bitcoin mining {hardware} traits

Bitcoin mining profitability largely relies on the selection of a BTC mining gadget and associated traits together with hash price, energy consumption and value.

Hash price is the processing energy of a miner, measured in hashes per second (H/S). Greater hash charges embrace representations in kilohashes per second (KH/S), gigahashes per second (GH/S), terahashes per second (TH/S), exahashes per second (EH/S) and so forth.

A miner’s hash price is the velocity at which it might remedy crypto mining puzzles to mine Bitcoin. The quicker the velocity, the extra BTC is mined in a particular timeframe. Because the BTC hash price is continually breaking new highs, Bitcoin miner producers commonly produce new mining gadgets supporting larger hash charges, whereas older miners apparently develop into out of date over time.

One other essential function of a BTC mining gadget is the power consumption. With rising international power prices, a miner’s potential to eat much less power is important.

The worth of precise mining gadgets can be an essential expense when calculating the BTC mining profitability. Each GPU and ASIC miners bought cheaper amid the bear market this yr, however model new flagship miners nonetheless price greater than $11,000 on the time of writing.

Issue 3: Mining problem and hash price

Bitcoin mining problem is a measure of how arduous it’s to mine a BTC block, with a better problem requiring further computing energy to confirm transactions and mine new cash.

Community problem has been rising in 2022, regularly breaking new all-time highs. Bitcoin’s mining problem adjustment happens each 2,016 blocks, or about each two weeks, as Bitcoin is programmed to self-adjust to be able to preserve a goal block time of 10 minutes.

The Bitcoin hash price is one other elementary metric for assessing the energy of the BTC community, as a better hashrate means extra computing energy is required to confirm and add transactions to the blockchain. This additionally makes BTC safer as a result of it could take extra miners in addition to extra power and time to take over the community.

Issue 4: Electrical energy prices

The worth of electrical energy is one other essential issue when calculating the profitability of BTC mining.

Miners contemplate electrical energy costs in numerous international locations in compliance with native crypto mining rules. As mining exercise places further stress on an influence grid, it’s essential to double-check native necessities and particular power costs for powering BTC miners on this or that nation or area.

Bitcoin mining might be powered by many power sources, each renewable like wind and photo voltaic and nonrenewable sources together with fossil fuels like coal, oil and pure gasoline. Amid hovering power costs attributable to latest provide points, miners ought to pay particular consideration to doable implications on BTC mining earnings when utilizing nonrenewable power.

Issue 5: Pool payment if not mining solo

Many Bitcoin miners desire to hitch mining swimming pools as a substitute of working as particular person miners. That may be a option to mix their computing energy and improve the probabilities of discovering a block and mining BTC quicker.

Pool miners ought to pay attention to one other small expense that’s taken by pool admins that arrange the software program for this sort of mining. The payment is mostly 1-3% of the miner’s particular person reward, relying on the pool.

Issue 6: Different bills

Bitcoin mining bills will not be unique to ASICs and GPUs and community indicators. BTC mining can also require some further funding associated to the bodily mining setup, together with amenities and property which might be a very good match. Vital bills could embrace cooling or noise canceling tools as some miner machines are related to an enormous quantity of warmth and noise air pollution.

Crypto mining calculators

One of many best methods to calculate Bitcoin mining profitability based mostly on all of the listed elements is utilizing on-line BTC mining calculators.

Designed to simplify the method of calculating Bitcoin mining profitability, a BTC mining calculator predicts the approximate mining earnings based mostly on inputs like BTC value, hash price, electrical energy value and others.

Let’s take an instance of calculating Bitcoin mining profitability with a model new Bitmain ASIC Antminer S19 Professional utilizing the BTC mining calculator by crypto market knowledge supplier CryptoCompare.

Antminer S19 Professional has a most hashrate of 110TH/s and energy consumption of 3250W. Let’s assume {that a} miner’s pool payment is 2% and the miner relies in North Dakota, the place the common residential electrical energy price in 2022 quantities to roughly $0.11, versus america nationwide common value of roughly $0.14.

Associated: BTC mining prices attain 10-month lows as miners use extra environment friendly rigs

Given these variables, the day by day revenue ratio accounts for 27%, with doable BTC mining income amounting to $70 per thirty days, or $840 per yr, based on CryptoCompare. In distinction, given the U.S. nationwide common electrical energy value of $0.14, the day by day revenue ratio quantities to 0% and even generates a loss with the present BTC value and different community indicators.