A. The Previous Age Safety (OAS) pension relies on residency in Canada. It differs from the Canada Pension Plan (CPP), which relies on contributions by staff and the self-employed.
Canadian residents will need to have lived in Canada for not less than 10 years after the age of 18, be 65 or older and be a citizen or a authorized resident on the time their OAS software is authorized.
Non-residents will need to have been a citizen or authorized resident on the day they left Canada, be 65 or older and have lived in Canada for not less than 20 years after the age of 18.
If an OAS applicant falls wanting the residency years, they could nonetheless qualify if Canada has a social safety settlement with one other nation the place they reside or lived. Canada doesn’t have such an settlement with Thailand, Helen, however does with 58 different nations.
Your father might qualify for a partial OAS pension if he lived in Canada for not less than 10 years after age 18. Given your father lived in Canada till he was 26, that might be as many as 9 years. With out the assistance of a social safety settlement with Thailand, he would want one other 12 months of residency in Canada to qualify.
Retroactive OAS funds will be paid going again as many as 12 months, however once more, wouldn’t apply in your father’s case, on condition that he has not but met the 10-year criterion.
In case your father labored whereas he was in Canada, he would have contributed to the CPP. The plan was launched in 1966, so he could have had just a few years of contributions earlier than he left to maneuver to Thailand at age 26 (round 1971).
CPP doesn’t have residency limitations. The worldwide social safety agreements talked about above coordinate social safety contributions by residents to probably qualify for or improve social safety advantages. Once more, Thailand is just not a kind of nations that has an settlement with Canada. However your father could have a small CPP retirement pension entitlement and it’s best to contact Service Canada for extra data.